The AP Police force was born out of the integration of two separate police forces-the
police force of the ex-Andhra state and that of the Telangana area in the erstwhile Hyderabad state.
The condition of the state during the mid 19th century was one of great anarchy and confusion.
The territory of Telangana was ruled by the dynasty of the Nizam founded by Asaf Jah, a general in the army of the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. He and his successors ruled the entire Deccan region with assistance and guidance from the French. In the districts the policing work was performed by irregular troops, the Sibandi peons, the Nizamats and the village servants. The Telangana region was monitored by the Mannevars and Mazkuris. Armed with the authority to investigate arrest, liberate or punish the guilty these village servants in return for the police duties performed by them held lands and received a share of the yield from the villagers.
When the British came in the 19th century they introduced a system of policing that initiated a process of transition from military diplomacy to a modernized system.
With the advent of Independence of India in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad envisaged an independent suzerainty of his dynasty and Muslim rule. However the police action in September, 1948 dispelled the Nizams notions and after strenuous efforts by the police and army to restore law and order, Hyderabad became a part of the Indian Union on the 26th January 1950.
The Police Act 1861 instituted the system of policing which is in force in India today. It is Act V that regulates the organization, recruitment and discipline of the India Police. With the induction of the Police Code in 1865 and the creation of the post of Inspector General of Police, there was a marked improvement in the law and order scenario in the country.
Thus was born a new Andhra Pradesh, a land of multifarious hues and people that boasts of a strong and uncompromising yet empathetic and responsive Police Force. Soft temperaments laced with firm action, the Andhra Pradesh Police, created on 1st November 1956 with a rich, colorful and varied history was born of the amalgamation of two separate police forces the police force of the erstwhile Andhra state and that of the Telangana area in the erstwhile Hyderabad state.